Management Information System

Introduction A system that provides information to manage an organization in an efficient way is known as a Management Information System or MIS. It is the system that provides people with information relating to organizational operation and to support their Decision Making activities. MIS is based on three basic resources People, Technology and Information .Advantages of MIS MIS provides many benefits to organizations:• Provides efficient co-ordination between departments.
• Labor cost is reduced.
• Relevant documents and data ca be accessed easily and efficiently.
• Decision making is easy and efficient.
• Day-to-day activities are analyzed and managed.
• Time is saved.
• Business can highlight its weaknesses and strengths due to revenue reports and employee performance record. Types of a Management Information System Four types of Information systems are there to manage the organization effectively and efficiently.1. Transaction Processing Systems These are the systems developed to manage the transactions of recurring nature. Transaction Processing Systems are widely used today in Banks to track the records of customers accounts and Super Markets to know about sales and inventory stock. These systems are also helping managers to manage important tasks like Payroll, Billing and Supplier’s Payment etc..2. Decision Support SystemsAs name suggests, these are the systems which help in making Intelligent Decisions . These provide basic information to managers to take necessary decisions. The best thing about these systems is that these can be used without the help of specialists. Decision Support Systems has three fundamental components:• First component is used to store large amount of necessary data in a systematic manner and is known as Data Base Management System (D.B.M.S). D.B.M.S is the system used to store data in the form of rows and columns to be accessed easily by user.•Second component transforms this stored data into Information which is then used to make necessary decisions. This transformation of data is done by Model Based Management System (M.B.M.S) .• As the users of DSS are managers who are generally not computer trained. Thus they need some friendly interface to build their insight. For this purpose third component of DSS, Dialogue Generation and management System (D.G.M.S) , is developed. This system provides a friendly interface between manager and the system. The basic purpose of D.G.M.S is to enhance the ability of user to take benefit from D.S.S.3. Operation Information Systems These systems were developed after the introduction of Transaction Processing Systems. These systems collect data from Transaction Processing Systems and help managers by organizing it into a useful manner. Managers can keep track of Inventory, Sales, Performance and other such Operations using these systems.4. Expert Systems and Artificial Intelligence These systems use human expertise to make decisions based on the captured information. Expert systems copy the ability of making decisions of experts. These systems use flexible thinking processes and solve the complex problems. These systems also can serve as teacher by explaining the logic of their advice. Drawbacks of MIS: Along with benefits there are also some shortcomings which affect the popularity of MIS:• Electronic processing is reducing the size of manpower in organizations.
• Complex information is not summarized effectively, sometimes, using MIS.
• Performance results of employees shown by MIS may not be 100 percent correct.
• Very rich data is needed to run an enterprise; MIS may not be able to handle all of this data efficiently.
• Due to MIS crash or power failure important data may be lost thus data needs to be back up on regular basis which may increase the cost of organization.

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Can You Make Money With Social Networks?

Social Networks gather people with common interests and many people enjoy being part of a large network of friends and future friends. Social networks actively promote people to join so that they can increase their clout with online advertisers. These Social Networks make large amounts of money from the advertisers that want to get their products and services in front of all of these people.This is why most Social Networks provide splendid high tech features such as discussion groups, video email, online social games, photo albums, contests, and many more exciting things to come. They create a virtual mall of fun things to do so people will not only visit but stay for long periods of time. The longer a person stays on a website, the more opportunity there is for the advertisers to place their ad in front of more people. This is referred to as the “Stickiness” of a website.But there are other good reasons for people to use social networks as well. Networking is a way for business people to meet prospective clients, partners, and customers in a friendly social way and this has always proven to be lucrative. This is similar to the reason why many companies provide tee times for their employees who are entertaining clients – it is a way to personalize a meeting during a friendly round of golf. Thus if you have a business, being socially active can make you money.These attributes of social networking have been very successful in recent times for increasing the number of people gathering on these social network sites. However, competition in this ‘niche’ is growing and will continue to grow. A new niche is needed.Most business must spend money not only to start up but also to grow the number of customers they have. Social Networks do advertise in their infancy to gain members and this usually puts them further in the “red” until they can persuade enough people to join for companies seeking good advertising opportunities to pay them for the ad space. Many companies of all types commonly must spend upwards of 70% of their revenue to maintain and grow their business. If this money is paid to advertising agencies, it only benefits a limited number of people.Enter the “monetized” social network. Since most businesses in the world are very happy if they can make a 30% profit, why not pass 70% of the advertising revenue back to the members of the social network? Base the amount of revenue each member receives on the amount of members they bring into the membership and you have a viral team of social net-workers who are being paid to increase the number of people in the network. Instead of paying for advertisements to get people to come to their website, the members become the advertisers and are compensated for their efforts. Also, since the advertisers who would pay this social networking site for hosting their ads is willing to pay the going rate for internet advertising, both the 70% share being passed back to the members and the 30% profit for the social networking site owners grows proportionally with the growth of the membership. If you can find a social network like this, wouldn’t you rather be a member there instead of Facebook, Twitter, or MySpace who keep all the profits for themselves and take advantage of the very lucrative services their members provide them?The business model of this monetized social network could be structured to reward those who work the hardest to bring new people to the website. After all, this is how money is made on the internet. So imagine if you developed a method to track both how much each member views the advertisements on the website and how many people they have invited who join the network, how this could provide the basis of a commission structure that would be fair and equitable.Consider a commission structure in a simple database that tracks who invites who and places the new people in a structure under the person who invited them. Assume that membership at this social network is free. Now imagine a common multiplication of people due to all being rewarded for bringing new people. Say Joe invites 10 of his friends to join and provides them with a link. These 10 friends join because they like Joe and they have common interests together. Each of these 10 friends have 10 friends who want to join them also. Now there are 100 people under Joe and Joe is being rewarded a portion of the advertising revenue for 100 people and he only invited 10 of them. Of course, those 100 people could have 10 friends each that they invite and the numbers of people now under Joe are 1000 and this continues. Joe only invited 10 but there is nothing to stop him from inviting far more and he continues to be rewarded for bringing new people to the website. This is the real power of social networking which will dominate the industry very soon.Each member is paid based on the amount of time they spend on the social networking site doing the things we all do such as clicking advertisements (just window shopping), doing searches, checking our email, playing games, interacting with our friends, and making new friends. The social network could also provide volume discounts to its members through their advertisers so the members can save money on the products they buy. Thus each member shares revenue in one case by the time they spend accessing the website. The other stream of income is from a commission a member gets for bringing the new people onto the site..You can do the math. For instance, just use 5% of the total revenue generated by Joe’s 10 (plus) people he invited himself, and use 2% of everyone they invited down to 6 levels below Joe. Using the example, if Joe’s group expanded to 6 levels, there may be 1 million people under Joe. Considering that there are over 1.7 Billion people using the internet and this number is increasing every day, how hard is that to believe?Also, to get a group of more committed people to get involved, you offer a premium level membership to some. This is a normal business method to employ leaders who can help manage and promote the groups who will come. But instead of being free, you charge $200 USD so that you only allow people who can commit to an idea and make a sound decision to join in that level. Right at first, you will need many of these types of people but once they have established themselves, you would close this level of membership until the size of the groups demanded more leadership or training. So you compensate these special premium members with say, 20% of their directly sponsored member’s revenue and 6% of of the revenue generated by the people they sponsor down to 6 levels.A plan such as this would expand the social network quickly and probably dominate the niche in just a short time.So, can you make money with Social Networks? Yes, and Social Networking on the Internet is ripe for just such a business plan.

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A Guide to Help You Pick the Best Air Purifier for Your Loved Ones

Holidays are around the corner. This is the time of year when people start purchasing gifts for their loved ones. If you are going to purchase an air purifier for someone you love, we have some helpful tips for you. If you want to purchase the best unit, you may be able to use this guide to your advantage. Read on to find out more.

1: Set Your Budget

Just like anything you purchase, make sure you have set your budget first. The price of the unit will vary based on a lot of factors, such as the capacity, filter type, features, and brand of the unit. If you don’t have a flexible budget, we suggest that you go for a product that is available to purchase for less than $300.

2: Consider the Needs of the Recipient

Your next move is to consider the needs of your recipient. If you are going to purchase this unit for everyday use, we suggest that you go for a unit that comes with a HEPA filter. On the other hand, if your loved one has a specific need, we suggest that you consider a specialized unit.

For example, if they are more prone to respiratory issues, such as allergies and infections, we suggest that you get a UV purifier for them. The devices are designed to neutralize viruses and bacteria.

3: Think About the Available Space

Another primary factor is to consider the available space in the office or house of the recipient. For example, if they need a general-purpose unit for a small apartment, you may want to consider a filterless unit.

On the other hand, if they have plenty of free space, you may consider a bigger unit that features a higher airflow rating. These units are powerful enough to cover a large face.

4: Consider Extra Features

Lastly, we suggest that you consider additional features that they will just love. For example, some units come with an indicator that turns on when the filter needs to be replaced. This will allow the user to change the filter so that the device continues to work properly.

So, you may want to consider these features before you place your order. These features may not be important to you, but your friend may just be over the moon.

Long story short, we suggest that you consider these four tips if you are going to purchase a gift for your loved one on these holidays. Since the air is full of pollution during winter days, nothing can make a better gift than an air purifier. Therefore, you should consider these tips before looking for an online or physical store to make your purchase decision.

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